It may sound like a bit of a misnomer.
But the main role of a face moisturizer is not just to add moisture to the skin at all.
A good moisturiser is protective, hydrating, brightening, balancing, tightening, smoothing – the list goes on
No matter what your skin type, you should always invest in a well-formulated product.
Get to know your skin
Your skin is made up of several different layers, but the outermost layer the stratum corneum, directly relates to how your skin feels from a moisture perspective.
Cells in this layer hold water – but the kicker they can also lose water – depending on a couple of factors. When the cells are plump and water-rich, your skin is soft, smooth—moisturized! And when they’re lacking water and dry? That’s called dehydrated skin.
So what constitutes a good facial moisturizer?
So many things.
So many things, but essentially, it should have the following roles on the skin:
1) Humectants draw water from the air and from other cells in the body to the top layer of skin, locking in moisture. But humectants only attract water, they don’t retain it. That’s an occlusive’s job, the second component of a moisturizer.
2) Occlusives act like a lid to a pot of water—they keep cells moist and plump, also helping to prevent moisture loss.
Occlusive ingredients include cholesterol, ceramides, and lipids that are naturally found in the skin to repair any damage done. Fortify Barrier Repair Cream contains the perfect ratio of these ingredients, helping to maintain healthy skin.
So far then we have established, that humectants bring lots of hydration and occlusives seal it in on your skin, but there is another important group of ingredients;
3) Emollients this is the third component of a moisturizer—they make everything lovely and smooth. Literally! Many emollients can also pull in double-duty as an occlusive—think Shea, Cocoa butter and botanical, oils, BIO Lipid Complex an oil-rich formula, has been specifically formulated for skin that is dry or impaired. It contains skin-identical ingredients that deplete as we age, helping to restore the skin back to a youthful, healthy glow.
Mix all of the above together add your cosmeceuticals like Coenzyme Q10 or vitamins A, B, C, or E and natural extracts together — and you have got yourself a moisturizer.
Is there one moisturizer for all skin types?
Because we are all about transparency in beauty here at NC, we are not going to try to persuade you that one face moisturizer fits all skin types. We are all metabolically different, and we all have different skincare conditions going on within our skin at any one time.
So, what should we take into consideration when purchasing a moisturizer? Well, skin type is important, because essentially there are two types of moisturizers: oil and water-based. Different consistencies suit different skin types, they could be a cream, lotion, fluid, or gel.
Those with oily skin often feel they don’t require a moisturizer, but this couldn’t be further from the truth, an oily, combination skin also requires daily protection with an oil-free moisturizer. These skin types are more suited to a gel water-based formula like Equilibrium Balancing Gel, which helps to control oil secretions; preventing pores from clogging further, whilst protecting against environmental stressors.
Rich creams and balms are ideal for dry, mature skin – the drier the skin, the richer the moisturizer should be.
If you want to learn more about moisturizers, this article gives an in-depth overview of what they are, and how they work.
Moisturisers the slippery road: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4885180/
The clinical benefits of moisturisers: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/7498985_The_clinical_benefit_of_moisturizers
Evidence for moisturiser efficiency: https://www.cosmeticsandtoiletries.com/formulating/function/moisturizer/Moisturizers-Evidence-for-Efficacy-184298941.html