Skin Care

Skin Types: Understand the difference and Types

Skin Types


We are all on the quest for beautiful skin.

One that radiates with a youthful, vibrant glow.

The first step to skin health is understanding the different skin types.

Skin types are hereditary and cannot be altered, but they can become out of balance, dry, sensitive, and prone to ageing.

If you’re confused about the category your skin falls into; you’re not alone; many of our clients misdiagnose their skin type, and we find, this is the main reason behind a lot of skin conditions.

Skin type is one of beauty’s enigmas – a vague identifier, that should dictate everything you do in your skincare routine, from your cleanser and your moisturiser, to what kind of serum works for you.

So finding out your type matters—because every product you use on your face must be tailored to your skin type.

Treating your skin incorrectly with the wrong products can compromise your skin, and you may end up with the reverse result you were looking to achieve.

So before you invest in a skincare routine, you’ve got to gather some data. To help out, let us break down and examine the four different skin types – so you can pinpoint the category your skin falls into.

Understanding your skin type

An oily skin type

Does your skin get progressively shinier as the day wears on?

Or is your skin characterised by large, visible pores – due to the large amounts of sebum (oil) flowing through them?

You may be prone to whiteheads and blackheads, or acne – you can recognise this, by the bothersome three: papules, pimples, and pustules that seem to pop up everywhere. But, stop before you squeeze, read our pimple-popping guide to find out why.

Normal skin type

This is all about complexion perfection.

Normal skin is a scarce skin type with no imperfections; it behaves like babies’ skin and has a youthful glow and reflects light evenly.

If you think you have this skin type, then you will find that you have a well-balanced complexion that is consistent with little to no changes throughout the day.

Dry skin type

Tight? Flay patches? Hello and welcome to dry skin. It just feels uncomfortable…well, all of the time.

Does your skin often feel tight with barely visible pores, because it lacks oil flow? It may also feel rough and even chapped and may be prone to eczema and dermatitis.

The upside is that you might break out less or have fewer clogged pores than say an oily skin type. The downside is that you’ll need to bulk up on your moisturiser,

Layering your skincare products will help, but if your barrier function is impaired sensitivity, stinging and redness may be present, which you may need to repair with an omega-rich, skin-identical cream like fortify barrier repair cream.

Combination skin

This is the most common skin type, which is characterised by normal, oily, and dry skin in different areas on the face.

Your T-zone is usually the oily area, and the circumference of your face and the cheeks are often much drier.

To make things even more complicated than they already are, when your cheeks get dry in winter, and you reach for a thick cream to help them out, your T-zone becomes even oilier. The reverse can happen in the summer months.

As you can see, a lot is going on with combination skin, including dryness, breakouts, and some sensitivity, so it needs to be treated with respect.

Treating your skin concerns

We believe that our skin is always changing, which is why you really need to really listen to your skin, to keep it healthy.

For this reason, we have created a range of products that can be customised to treat your specific skin type, which can be mixed with a skin shot, depending on your skin’s daily concerns.


If you are looking for solutions for your skin but don’t know where to start, we recommend booking in for a facial beauty analysis. Aestheticians are professionally trained to diagnose your skin and any conditions that may be present.

Once you know your skin type, you can begin to know exactly what ingredients will benefit your skin and the best skincare routine to implement.

If you have a skin concern but are unsure of what it is, the British skin foundation offers a great resource.


10 replies on “Skin Types: Understand the difference and Types”

Hi Samantha,

Can you recommend carrier oils that are good for sensitive skin and that is not prone to oxidation?

Hi I’m Jacqueline I have been practicing Aesthetic for over 20 year and am learning so much from this site

Well I take that as a real compliment thankyou so much, I am very excited to share my next round of information look out for the powers of vitamin A for the skin soon to be released, so interesting. Samantha

Hi Samantha,

I’ve been reading your Blogs and I love the content and discussion about everything!
2 years ago, to help care for my aging Mother who has suffered with skin cancers and Chronic inflammation (i.e. arthritis, back problems, etc.), I developed an interest in Aromatherapy, my Sister-in-law brought over a couple essential oils that had been distributed at a Marathon run that my Brother was involved in.
I became facinated with it, and have gone on to work with lotions and butters.
But as you previously mentioned a condition which prompted your interest in skin care, so I have became interested in my body’s chemistry because of diabetes. I think that P.H. plays more of an important role in our lives than we can possibly imagine!
When you think of the importance in P.H. in having healthy skin, it’seems so much more than that.
A normal body’s P.H. is between 7.25 – 7.40 . We can detect our measurements at home through saliva or urine.
I believe that a constantly low P.H. is responsible for conditions ranging from cancer to diabetes.
Since I have increased the alkalinity in my water (with Sodium Bicarbonate ), I have been able to lower my insulin resistance as well as my acid reflux.
I think we should all grow up in a world, having a good knowledge of our own body chemistry, because genetics treats us all differently, challenging us to overcome our imperfections.
I’m glad for people (such as yourself ), that can help us see light at the end of the tunnel.

Thanks, Sam!


Hi Gordon
This is a really really interesting discussion, fascinating in fact, are you able to expand on this at all, even put together an article for me it must be over 350 words and I am happy to give you a link if you require one. I would be really keen to know more about this as I am sure so would my readers. It reminds me i found a fascinating article on a particular type of cannabis recently, that is thought to diminish certain cancers I will post it on my face book page. I am a trained, clinical aromatherapist also I trained with renown Shirley price in the Uk, they actually use essential oils at the local hospital to help reverse diabetes so fascinating it really is! I am also interested in the fact that you use sodium bicarbonate in your water is this safe, why not use cider vinegar. Best rgds Samantha

I just came across your website, and have been enjoying your articles. I agree that the body’s PH is responsible for a lot of health issues. I drink sodium bicarbonate as well. It can help with any type of inflammation in the body by making the body more alkaline. You do not want to use apple cider vinegar because it will make the body more acidic. In some instances, such as some digestive or “gut” issues, you may drink ACV before a meal and use sodium bicarb after a meal (about 20 minutes). This can probably be found on a google search. I do think remaining alkaline is important, but a person must do more than just drink sodium bicarb. It involves changing your diet to eliminate acidic foods. Also, there is some evidence that cancer feeds on sugar. Removing sugar and certain carbohydrates (fruits and most vegetables are ok), while becoming more alkaline is good for inflammation and cancer (and some others). Just note that the removal of sugars and certain carbohydrates can put the body in a state of ketosis, and ketosis will change PH as well. This is not necessary according to all sources, but depends if you have inflammation or a more aggressive disease like cancer.

Hi Shawna I really appreciate this information I actually find it really are you just taking sodium B just for healthy maintenance? Because having suffered from psoriasis this may be a good choice for helping with inflammation? I can feel an article coming on with this subject. Kind regards Samantha

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.