Are you keen to get creative with different body butters?
Or maybe you suffer from dry, flaky, skin and are looking for something uber-nourishing?
Then body butter is the answer.
They keep your skin moisturised, far longer than commercial body creams.
For this article’s purpose, let’s take a closer look at the different types of butters used in body products.
In cosmetic chemistry, butters have a rating from one through to ten. One is for very soft butters, and ten is for the really hard butters – cocoa butter is a good example of a hard butter.
Avocado Body Butter
Otherwise known as Persea Gratissima, this butter is a great emollient and has wonderful moisturising properties, making it a great ingredient for creams and balms.
Avocado butter can be a little greasy at times, so be sure to use this in only small amounts. You may find that you want to use it as a secondary butter.
Avocado is rich in Vitamins A, B, and E, which makes it great for use in a wide variety of products, and it also has natural sunscreen properties.
This is a great ingredient to use in body butter recipes, as it makes a wonderful creamy Avocado formula.
Cocoa Body Butter
This is the solid fat from the roasted Cacao plant known as Theobroma Cacao.
Cocoa butter is a wonderful additive to use in homemade bars, especially if you want to naturally thicken the formula’s texture slightly.
Remember, it will make a really hard bar that won’t offer much slippage, so you need to add some softer butter in the mix.
Its hardness is due to the fact that it is composed of around 40% solid fat butter; the hardness is category 10 and works as a primary oil in a lotion bar. Because of the cocoa butter’s hardness, it is a great additive in lotions and works really well as a thickener.
If you’re thinking about using this in your homemade formulations, use up to 50% of your base blend, depending on the desired thickness. Cocoa butter is a well-known lubricant, making it a good butter for trapping in moisture, working as a protective barrier.
This should be a staple ingredient for a body product because of the natural cocoa scent, a plus for chocolate lovers. If you don’t want any aroma, you can purchase unscented cocoa butter has been refined.
As if there hasn’t been enough already, the other bonus is that the butter has a really long shelf life of up to five years. You can read all about lovely Cocoa butter here. It’s important to note when formulating with Cocoa that it can give a yellowish tint to your products.
Mango Body Butter
This is taken from the seed kernel of the fruit of the Mango tree, or Mangifera indica.
Whilst it is softer than Cocoa butter, it is still quite solid at room temperature, with an overall hardness of 8.
We really like the texture of this ingredient; it doesn’t go grainy once melted, it tends to be less greasy than some of the other rich moisturising butters, and it works great as an emollient.
You can use up to 50% of Mango as a base blend.
Shea Body Butter
Derived from the seeds of the Karite tree, it is known as Butyrospermum parkii.
Shea butter is milder and creamier than Cocoa butter and can be used as a natural lipstick base, or skin softener in skin formulas, as it has a hardness of 7.
It is a really wonderful healing body butter with many beneficial properties; it has the ability to penetrate deep into the epidermis, helping to keep the skin supple and elastic.
It is both softening and healing on the skin, and is also a natural SPF.
If you’re keen to have more inspiration, this article does a great job of discussing the different ingredients within a formula.