Treatments | Exfoliation and Peels

Types of Chemical Peels to Glow Proof Skin

Are you concerned with acne, ageing, dryness or pigmentation?

Or maybe your skin is dull, and you’re looking for rejuvenation.

Peels are touted by many as the secret to glowing skin.

And its true rejuvenating effects can be evident after just one session.

But with so many chemical peels available, there are specific nuances to be aware of

These include your skin type, conditions, and potential side effects.

So join us as we share our professional tips on the types of chemical peels available.

What is a chemical peel?

A question we often get asked is what is a chemical peel? It is the controlled wounding of the epidermis, the outer layer of skin, for aesthetic improvement.

It is a method in which a chemical solution is applied to the skin, piercing the uppermost layers and allowing the peel to achieve a certain depth, depending on the type of peel and condition you are treating.

This causes your skin to shed, targeting sun damage, lifting pigmentation, smoothing your skin, and treating acne and scarring.

The depth of the chemical peel penetration will depend on the acid concentration and application timing.

Some skin-peeling ingredients include glycolic acid, an alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) that is water-soluble and naturally found in sugar cane.

Other AHAs include citric acid from citrus fruit, malic acid from apples, tartaric acid from grapes, and lactic acid from milk.

Beta-hydroxy acids, such as salicylic acid, are lipid-soluble and target oil within the pores to clear breakouts.

The benefits of a chemical peel

  • Improves the efficacy of other skincare products
  • They remove the top layer of your skin to help other products penetrate more easily
  • Skin peeling encourages the natural exfoliation process, weakening the intercellular glue that binds dead skin cells together
  • Peels help target acne breakout
  • They remove debris, leading to fewer clogged pores.
  • Refines fine lines

Our article on exfoliation, ageing, and collagen synthesis is an interesting read on the types of chemical peel, especially if premature ageing is a concern.

Types of chemical peels

There are various chemical peels ingredients available:

Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs)

Glycolic acid is water-soluble and effective in treating fine lines, wrinkles, and hyperpigmentation.

They work by removing the outer layer of the skin, leaving it refreshed and rejuvenated.

Beta hydroxy acids

Beta hydroxy acids (BHAs), like salicylic acid, are lipid-soluble and ideal for oily or acne-prone skin.

They penetrate clogged pores, reducing inflammation and targeting acne-causing bacteria.

Medium chemical peels

Medium chemical peels offer more intensive treatment than superficial peels, penetrating deeper into the dermis to address various skin concerns.

Unlike superficial peels that primarily target the stratum corneum, TCA peels penetrate deeper into the papillary layer of the dermis, resulting in more significant improvements in skin texture and appearance.

By creating a controlled wound similar to a sunburn, medium peels stimulate collagen synthesis and can effectively target pigmentation issues, signs of ageing, acne, and sun-damaged skin.

Trichloracetic acid (TCA) is commonly used for medium peels, typically in concentrations ranging from 15% to 35%.

However, higher concentrations carry a higher risk of scarring and should only be applied by a qualified medical professional.

Medium peels offer substantial benefits but require a more extended downtime of around a week for optimal healing and recovery.

If you are keen to learn more about peels, our complete guide is a useful read.

Phenol peels

Phenol peels are renowned for their deep-penetrating nature, making them one of the most intensive chemical peel treatments.

While they offer significant benefits in skin rejuvenation, including reducing fine lines, sun damage, and pigmentation issues, they also have potential drawbacks.

Following a phenol peel, treated areas may experience swelling and discomfort, and the healing process can be lengthy, often taking six weeks or longer before noticeable improvements are observed.

Despite the challenges associated with recovery, many individuals find the long-term results of phenol peels to be well worth the initial discomfort and downtime.

If you’re considering a phenol peel treatment, it’s essential to consult with a qualified dermatologist or plastic surgeon to understand the procedure’s risks and benefits thoroughly.

To conclude. The naked truth

In conclusion, the different types of chemical peels offer a versatile and effective solution for various skin concerns, from acne and hyperpigmentation to fine lines and wrinkles.

These treatments promote skin shedding and cellular renewal, revealing smoother, more precise, and youthful-looking skin.

Alpha hydroxy acids, such as glycolic acid, and beta hydroxy acids, such as salicylic acid, are commonly used in superficial peels. These peels target different skin issues while minimizing downtime.

Medium peels, utilising ingredients like trichloracetic acid (TCA), penetrate deeper into the skin to address more advanced concerns, albeit with a more extended recovery period.

Phenol peels represent the most intensive option, offering significant improvements in skin texture and appearance but requiring careful consideration due to their potential for prolonged recovery.

Consulting a qualified professional is essential to determine the most suitable peel for individual skincare needs and goals.

One reply on “Types of Chemical Peels to Glow Proof Skin”

It’s hard to come by experienced people on this
topic, but you seem like you know what you’re talking about!

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