Taking a Peek at The Anatomy of Human Skin

Your skin is a truly amazing organ.

It’s your armour, your protection and your genetic heritage.

Your skin holds your body together, shielding you from the outside world.

Just think about all of the external elements your body comes into contact with daily; dust, makeup, bacteria, chemicals, pollution, the weather, ultraviolet light, environmental assaults and changes in temperature.

Your skin is constantly protecting you from invading assaults, working as a barrier, preventing invading microbes from entering.

It also makes a pigment known as melanin, a chemical that works like little tiny umbrellas protecting your skin from damaging ultraviolet light.

Therefore you need to take care of your skin if you want a youthful, healthy glow.

What exactly is skin?

Your skin is your body’s largest organ, and along with hair, nails, glands and nerves, it is part of the integumentary system.

It acts as a protective barrier between the outside world and the inside of your body. In adults, the skin accounts for around 16 per cent of the total body weight and covers a surface area of approximately 2 square meters or 22 square feet.

There are different thicknesses and textures of skin on different parts of your body, for example, your skin is fragile underneath your eyes but is thicker on the soles of your feet and palms of the hand.

Your skin is composed of two main layers: the epidermis the outer layer and the dermis the inner layer. The cells in the epidermis are continually replaced with cells produced in its bottom layer.

The dermis is known as the one ‘true skin’; it contains nerve endings, sweat glands, hair follicles, and blood vessels. Together, these two layers provide us with protection and comfort.

The beautifying benefits of skin

Below are just a few of the functions that your awesome skin carries out daily:

  • it’s a detoxification organ
  • it protects your inner organs
  • moderates your core temperature
  • synthesis Vitamin D from the sun
  • helps to excrete toxins through sweat
  • helps to keep chronic conditions and infections at bay
  • your skin helps to shut out invading bacteria and viruses
  • it is your bodies first line of defence against external aggressors
  • human skin contains lipids or oils, that keep it naturally moisturised
  • constantly keeps tabs on what is going on inside your internal environment
  • intelligently responds to what you eat, what you put on it and what you drink
  • maintains it’s integrity, by constantly repairing itself while you are sleeping
  • tans and creates melanin, to protect you from damaging UV rays and photo-ageing
  • it’s so absorbent you can apply medical patches, that help topical drugs go to the source


Your skin then, is a mirror to the outside world, letting you know of any imbalances within your body, which often show up in your skin.

It contains cells that are fantastic communication systems, telegraphing health and illness, pleasure or pain.

It cleverly plays a dual role; it has a semi-permeable membrane that traps in water and keeps it hydrated, whilst also allowing water to evaporate when you sweat keeping your skin well balanced and healthy.

So we think you’ll agree when we say, your skin really is amazing.

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