We are constantly monitoring and compiling research on ingredients associated with ageing skin. Vitamin A (Retinol) has 40 years of study behind it, with an astounding amount of clinical data supporting its benefits in anti-ageing, as a result, Retinol is one of the most sought-after ingredients for the treatment of both acne and ageing.
So, how does it work? Once applied to your skin, it is converted into Retinoic Acid (Tretinoin) – the same compound as the prescription drug, ‘Retin A’. The increase of Retinoic Acid signals cells to produce more collagen and less melanin whilst boosting cellular regeneration; thickening the underlying dermis and reversing signs of ageing. Studies show, topically-applied Retinol also stimulates the synthesis of Hyaluronic Acid, which keeps your skin hydrated and plump, whilst visibly reducing the appearance of wrinkles.
Retinoids also bind to DNA in sebocytes, to balance the amount of sebum (oil) they produce, inhibiting the bacteria that leads to acne.
Caution: In the early stages of treatment, we recommend alternating the days on which you use A+ until your skin has built up enough tolerance for daily use. Because retinoids make your skin photosensitive and more susceptible to UV, we recommend using at night.
Retinol: Pure Vitamin A assists in regulating new cell production whilst reversing and preventing signs of ageing by boosting collagen levels in the dermis; enhancing the skin’s natural regenerative cycle, leaving skin looking even and youthful.
Kowhai: Well known for its high antioxidant bioactivity and natural antimicrobial properties, Kowhai has a real affinity with the skin – calming, soothing, and conditioning dry, mature skin.
Phospholipids: Skin cells are surrounded by a membrane that’s made up of essential lipids that regulate cellular activity. Due to their structure, phospholipids penetrate and replenish this membrane, making them highly efficient in nourishing and protecting the delicate barrier function.
Hyaluronic acid: Found in every cell in the body, it is capable of attracting and retaining more than 1,000 times its own weight in water, to provide intensely hydrated skin.
Panthenol: Known for its skin-healing properties; it helps to stabilise the barrier and texture of the skin, for a smoother complexion.
Aqua – Water
Retinol – Vitamin A
Panthenol – Vitamin B5
Sodium PCA– Natural humectant
Propanediol– Natural humectant
Glycerine – Vegetable glycerine
Sodium Levulinate and Sodium Anisate – Naturally derived preservative
Phospholipids – Naturally derived lipids
Capryl glycol _Natural skin conditioner
Xanthan gum – Naturally derived gum
Sophora microphylla – Kowhai leaf extract