The really great thing about soap is that you can get so creative, simply because there are so many ways to make soap.
- Melt and pour
- Cold process
- Hot process
For the purpose of this tutorial, we will be discussing the cold process method, with this step by step guide so you can get creative, designing your own signature bars in no time at all.
You can use any cold process soap recipe you like; however, if you’re looking for inspiration, you may find these My Favourite Homemade Soap Recipes useful.
How to Make Soap
- Weigh out your ingredients one by one, including the base oils and fats
- Next, chop up the fats, then add each ingredient into a bucket
- Line or grease your moulds
- Weigh out your Additives, Colourants, and Essential Oils and put aside to add to your soap later
- Weigh out the water in a separate bucket
- Now you’re ready to prepare the Sodium Hydroxide; remember to wear your goggles and gloves for protection. Pour the Sodium Hydroxide into the water in a well-ventilated area and stir until all the ingredients have blended together. Don’t be alarmed if you notice everything heating up; this is supposed to happen as it is just part of the chemical reaction.
- One of the big things, when you’re learning how to make soap is to keep an eye on the temperature of your fats and the lye solution. Once everything has reached the same temperature of around 60 degrees, add them all together, pouring the hot lye directly into the cold oils. Stir until the fats and oils have completely dissolved.
- Then, with your stick blender, mix all the ingredients together until they have reached a very light trace.
- Now that the temperature has cooled a little, add your delicate ingredients such as Herbs and Colourants and stir together thoroughly
- Finally, add you’re Essential Oils. We leave these until the last minute because many Essential Oils have a flashpoint and evaporate in the heat.
- Next, pour your soap into the mould.
- Cover the filled mould with a blanket or plastic wrapping and leave undisturbed for 48 hours.
- After this time, uncover the mould and leave it anywhere up to seven days or until the soap is firm enough to cut.
- If you don’t have a soap cutter, use a ruler and knife to lightly mark the slab of soap into bars. Once you have perfectly straight lines, cut lengthwise and crosswise through to the bottom of the mould.
- Lay the soap on plain brown bags or wicker placemats and set the bars in a well-ventilated area.
- Allow the soaps to cure for at least 6 weeks, ensuring you leave spaces around the bars in order to get sufficient ventilation. You can also turn your bars occasionally.
- After this time you can enjoy your bars of soap
As you can see, learning how to make soap is really easy, you just need to ensure sure you are well prepared before you start, and have all of your equipment organised.
Follow this link to find out the safety equipment and materials you will need to purchase before you begin your soap making the journey.