Hydration, hydration, hydration.
This is what valuable humectants bring to your skin
They are wonderful for a dehydrated, skin type.
All Skin Types Require Water
Any skin can require hydration even oily skin folks, if we are to remember dry skin lacks oil and a dehydrated skin lacks water.
This is a subject I discuss in the article the clear skin difference, it begins with hydration.
To achieve a healthy skin it requires balance
Therefore our skin requires a mixture of both oil rich and water rich ingredients to be healthy.
- Some natural botanical oils found in skin care products such as jojoba or squalane, mimic the skin’s natural oil sebum.
- Humectant ingredients are water rich, they mimic the skin’s sweat, and work by hydrating the skin. They have been specifically designed to prevent water loss, and protect the stratum corneum, the outer layer of skin from becoming dry and parched.
ROLE OF HUMECTANTS
Without getting to technical, the key functionality of a humectant, is to form hydrogen bonds with molecules of water.
This is why humectants are considered an important ingredient for a dry, dehydrated skin.
The reason I like adding humectants to my formulas, is due to they’re ability to attract water like a magnet, chemically binding water to them.
Some humectants, are capable of holding up to 1000 times their own weight in water.
Hyaluronic Acid acid found in our H20 complex is one such ingredient, that locks moisture onto the surface of the skin, keeping it moist and healthy.
Types of Humectants
Humectants are groups of water loving agents, that are referred to as hydrophilic ingredients in skincare.
Hyaluronic Acid has potent hydrating capabilities.
It can hold, anywhere between 600 and 1000 times its own weight in water, perfect for a parched and dehydrated skin.
This is an ingredient you will often find in skincare products for a dry skin.
It is more popular than propylene glycol, which can be irritating to a sensitive skin, due to its permeability.
This is a powerful humectant that works really well as a hydrating agent, I like the fact it keeps on working, long after the product has been rinsed off the skin.
You can read more about Glycerine here.
This is an ingredient that can be used to replace Glycerin.
It is a great hydrating agent that has many of the same benefits as glycerin.
Like hyaluronic acid, this ingredient works really well as a hydrator, helping to attract water to the skin.
Sodium PCA is often used alone or within an oily formula, due to its lightweight properties.
Seaweed and Algae
These are perfect for hydrating mask formulas.
They work by creating a moist film over the surface of the skin, helping to retain water in the skins upper layers.
These ingredients are extremely nourishing and moisturising.