Do you look in the mirror and see dark patches or uneven skin tone?
Maybe you just want to know how to restore that coveted, youthful glow.
Either way, you’ve come to the right place.
In this article, we’ll be discussing three critical anti-pigmentation ingredients.
So you can leave lighter and brighter than you started.
The three key ingredients
In this series, we have been discussing all things dark spots and pigmentation.
A big question our clients often ask us is how to get rid of hyperpigmentation.
This guide outlines the three superhero ingredients that we see great results within our clinic:
- ferulic acid
- malic acid
- vitamin C in the form of 3.0 ethyl ascorbic acid
When combined, they are highly effective in helping to eliminate stubborn, deep-seated pigmentation.
So what is what is hyperpigmentation?
“Hyper” means more, and “pigment” refers to colour.
Hyperpigmentation occurs in your skin when the troublesome enzyme tyrosinase initiates melanin production – the pigment responsible for dark spots.
Please don’t be too hard on tyrosinase; it is there to protect you; it’s your skin’s defence mechanism against damage caused by troublesome UV rays, pollution, picking, and scarring.
Whenever your skin is damaged, this enzyme comes to the rescue, flooding the injured area, which results in hyperpigmentation.
That’s right, those visible dark spots are caused by an enzyme that is trying to protect your skin.
So maybe tyrosinase doesn’t deserve the bad rap it gets after all? But boy, it can be challenging to treat.
If you want to learn about hyperpigmentation, this article gives a detailed overview.
It makes sense then that targeting this enzyme is the most effective way to control excess melanin production in your skin.
It often takes much longer to eliminate pigmentation than to accumulate, especially if you’ve spent years in the sun or dealt with acne scarring.
This is why it needs a careful, thought-out approach with targeted ingredients.
With over 30 years of dealing directly with the skin, we have found that the three ingredients outlined below are the key to clear skin for many of our clients.
3 Ingredients to get rid of hyperpigmentation
Multitasking 3-O-Ethyl ascorbic acid
Before diving in, it’s important to mention that the form of vitamin C used is crucial when effectively addressing deep-seated pigmentation.
Ascorbic acid can be unstable in specific formulations, so we folks at NC only ever formulate with 3-O-Ethyl ascorbic acid.
This is an ethylated form of vitamin C that is known for its stability and ability to penetrate deep into the dermis (your skin’s deeper layers) to treat pigmentation.
This study (1), carried out over six months, found that participants who applied a cream-based lotion with just 5% 3-O-ethyl-l-ascorbic acid significantly improved their skin’s hyperpigmentation.
It was also observed that sunburn cell formation and signs of inflammation were also considerably reduced with regular application.
Human clinical trials (2) found that the reason it is so effective in treating hyperpigmentation is due to its molecular size that penetrates deep into the tyrosinase enzyme’s active site, where it disrupts copper ions and renders the tyrosinase enzyme inactive.
A further study (3) found that with repeated use, ethyl ascorbic acid scatters the pigment and lifts it out of the dermis, significantly reducing melanin in the tissues.
3-O-Ethyl. Ascorbic Acid also has numerous other benefits for the skin, promoting collagen synthesis, which is essential for maintaining skin firmness and elasticity.
Your body naturally produces less collagen over time, regularly applying 3-O-Ethyl. Ascorbic acid can help to significantly boost collagen production.
So, now that you understand how to get rid of hyperpigmentation with this primary ingredient let’s explore the other two ingredients that, when combined, form a powerful trio to help you get rid of hyperpigmentation.
Age-defying ferulic acid
This clever ingredient works in synergy with 3-O-ethyl-l-ascorbic acid to combat pigmentation.
A potent antioxidant, it protects your skin from environmental aggressors like UV rays and pollution, which generate damaging free radicals.
Left unchecked, these bothersome free radicals attack cell membranes and the mitochondria – the cell’s energy source – causing cellular damage and breaking down your skin’s healthy cells.
Antioxidant-rich ferulic acid neutralises these damaging free radicals, protecting your cells from oxidative stress that accelerates premature ageing.
Malic acid, the unsung hero
Malic acid is a powerful antioxidant and humectant with potent hydrating properties that places a protective, moisturising layer over your skin.
It works synergistically with ferulic and 3-O-ethyl-l-ascorbic acid to promote cellular turnover, reducing the rate of new pigment formation in your skin.
It is also an oil-loving hydroxy acid that helps reduce and slow down the flow of oil in the sebaceous glands and unplugs stubborn debris that builds up in the pores, making it a great choice for oily, combination skin types.
A Beautiful Blend
The really great thing is that we have put them all together in one beautiful product, C+ skin shot.
For best results, apply in the morning so you benefit from vitamin C and ferulic acid’s potent antioxidant properties.
There are some practical considerations to consider when using this formula.
Start low and slow, especially if you have sensitive skin; we recommend initially using three times a week and slowly building your base; once your skin builds its tolerance, you can increase the usage.
We always recommend 3 to 6 months of daily use before seeing results.
If you are looking for other skin-lightening products from our range, our clients also get great results for treating deep-seated pigment issues with the following:
Glo dark spot skin shot,
A+ Retinol skin shot
Reset age delay cream
To conclude. The naked truth
If you want to know how to get rid of hyperpigmentation with specific ingredients, we have you covered.
Your hero ingredient should be vitamin C in the form of 3-O-ethyl-l-ascorbic acid combined with malic acid and ferulic acid.
Why? Treating hyperpigmentation can be an extremely lengthy process, especially if it’s deep-seated in the dermis.
This powerful trio works not only on the surface but also deep in the dermis to remove dark spots, discolouration, and uneven skin tone.
Luminosity, brightness and skin texture are also visibly improved.
And remember, consistency is the key in your journey to having radiant, clear skin.
1. Topical Vitamin C and the Skin: Mechanisms of Action and Clinical Applications
2. 3-O-ethyl-l-ascorbic acid: Characterisation and investigation of single solvent systems for delivery to the skin
3. The anti-melanogenic effects of 3-O-ethyl ascorbic acid via Nrf2-mediated α-MSH inhibition in UVA-irradiated keratinocytes and autophagy induction in melanocytes