Designing your own Formulation

I love to share tips and recipes.

This article is a great introduction to making your own formulations.

This is day one of how to get creative, and make your own simple lotion recipes.

So let’s dive right in and see what exactly is involved, when it comes to designing your own formulation.

You can also join me here for step 4, for more notes on formulating your own skin cream.

Making Your own Formulation

The basic outline of a lotion is as follows:

Light oils: 7 to 20%
Heavy oils: 5%
Body Butter5%
Water or water soluble ingredients: 70 to 80%
Emulsifying wax: should be 5% of your oils
Thickener: 3%
Vitamin E: 1% this may vary if you are adding other antioxidants
Preservative: 1% but always follow manufacturer’s instructions

Making a Basic Facial Lotion

Water phase

This should be about 80% of your formula; you could add water at 50 % and some other goodies, such as aloe vera up to 30%.

You may even consider completely substituting your water for a hydrosol, basically in this phase, it’s your chance to get creative!

You can add humectants, anywhere between 2 to 5%
Follow the link to find out about humectants.

Oil phase

This should be about 15% of the recipe
  • Emulsifiers around 4%
  • Thickener around 2%
  • Your choice of vegetable oil at around 8%

Cool down phase

This is up to 6%, this is the point where you are going to add the active part of the formulation.
  • Preservative up to 1%
  • Hydrolysed proteins at 2%
  • Panthenol 1-2% for repair and cellular regeneration in a moisturiser
  • Essential oils and extracts around 1%

For more information join us here tomorrow, where we discuss exactly what is involved with the mixing phases.

Interpreting Recipes

These formulations are usually written in percent, all which will equal 100%.

We work in grams, so if you are following a recipe that stated 82% water, then weigh out 82 grams of water.

We don’t recommend working in ounces, it can be really tricky when converting percentages, so for accuracy try to convert to grams.

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