Eye Care

Common Eye Conditions You Need to Know

We get a lot of questions about under eyes.

In fact, it’s probably one of the most asked about topics across our social platforms.

Our eyes are the worst at keeping secrets.

It seems nothing can cover that telltale skin hanging out around your lower eyelid; they reveal a lot about our health.

Here’s a handy guide, on the conditions, associated with that finicky inch of skin just below your eyeballs.

Common Eye Conditions

What exactly are under-eye bags?

Puffy Swollen Eye

Under-eye bags can develop as a result of sun damage to the area beneath the eye.

Vascular and lymph structures also become inflamed, and as a result, they leak fluid and accumulate in the under-eye area.

Bags can also be caused by deposits of fat accumulating over time, as we age, the fat pad that cushions the eye pulls away from the bone around the eyes, causing sagging skin.

Want to find out more about how to treat bags under your eyes? Then follow the link. to find out about causes and treatments.

The causes of pesky dark circles

Common Eye Conditions - Dark Circles Under Eyes

There are several changes to the skin’s structure that are responsible for dark circles.

Firstly, the infraorbital fat pad, which sits under the eye thins with age. Fat pads are yellow, but ageing causes the area to appear darker. This is the muscle under the eye; it becomes more visible as the fat pad decreases.

Secondly, if the microscopic blood vessel structures are damaged, our body attempts to repair the damage by proliferating tiny, small veins, which reddens the area.

Sinus and nasal congestion can also increase blood flow; the vessels become congested, which is seen visibly as darkening.

  • eye conditions can be hereditary
  • because the skin is so thin in this area, surface veins are more apparent; making the area look dull and sallow
  • conditions can be due to a vascular problem. The blue-black tinge can be caused by blood passing through tiny capillaries located just below the skin’s surface. They will often become more apparent when we get tired
  • if your eyes are naturally set back in the socket more than usual, this can shroud the eyes in shadow created by the bone structure around the eye. This can also give the impression of dark circles

Check out our article on dark circles under eyes, for an insight into interesting research regarding this condition.


Common Eye Conditions - Milia

These eye conditions are characteristic of small white cysts, usually found below the eyes; they are deep-seated, white bumps that sit just under the skin’s surface.

Milia are simply tiny pockets of normal skin that have become slightly indented, and have sealed over; trapping dead skin cells in the pores.

Never try to squeeze the lumps from the skin; you will only damage the delicate area and cause broken capillaries – tiny little veins. Ideally, you should consult a skin specialist, who will extract them to prevent scarring.

Alternatively using gentle exfoliating products, or a product containing Retin A or Glycolic Acid will help dissolve the build-up of skin cells.

The following link offers a great step-by-step guide on how to get rid of milia.

Using an eye cream

We recommend using a specific eye cream,

Some people make the mistake of using their facial moisturiser and other skincare products around their eyes in an attempt to replenish lost moisture and restore suppleness. However, this only smothers the already-thin skin, which is too much for the delicate eye area to cope with, leading to puffiness, milia, and under-eye bags.

All you need to do is apply a tiny amount of eye cream to your little finger. Next, press it firmly onto the orbital around the eye. If you do put an excess of a product on in this area – the action of blinking can cause the product to work its way into the eye – so never rub the cream into the skin; instead, use a light tapping motion.

Ultimately the aim is to stimulate the circulation and create moisture, without dragging the skin.

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