There are a whole host of ways that UV funks with your skin.
That is partly due to a minefield of pseudoscientific myths surrounding best sunscreen practices to navigate—perpetuated mainly by people who aren’t sure what they’re talking about.
Fortunately, our professional advice holds more water than a regular beauty vlogger; but we appreciate there’s so much to know.
Our article has you covered and will help you understand the top sunscreen practices you can introduce into your routine to keep your skin youthful and glowing.
Tip One: Start early to prevent premature ageing
The earlier you start sunscreen, the better; any pigmentation changes you see in your skin come from accumulative damage over your lifetime, which begins at an early age. Worse still, the damage may not show in your skin until you’re in your late 30’s.
Extensive sun exposure can cause the formation of free radicals; these alter your DNA cells, where there is a biochemical potential for cancer cells to form. These free radicals cause oxidation and destroy your collagen and elastin — the structures that help keep your skin looking plump and give it that youthful snap back. When this happens, wrinkles, sagging skin, and poor skin texture begin to show.
Tip Two: Regularly apply your sunscreen
But which one do we hear you say, physical or chemical, which is safer? It is all so confusing.
Chemical sunscreens use one of several chemical compounds as their protective agent—an example of which is Oxybenzone. The rhetoric that once surrounded “unsafe” chemical sun protection making it unfit for use, comes from unstable UVA blockers. Fortunately, today new advances in chemistry and FDA guidelines mean fewer problems with chemical-based sunscreens.
Physical sunscreens use agents such as Titanium and Zinc. We as a company believe both chemical and biological sunscreens work, but our philosophy is always natural; therefore, we recommend physical sunblock and feel that it offers superior coverage.
Tip Three: Understand that SPF is not enough to protect your skin fully
A number represents the sun protection factor (SPF), which measures how long you can stay in the sun without getting burnt. If you don’t apply sunscreen, your skin will start to burn in around 30 minutes. Thus, an SPF of 6 would allow you to stay out six times longer, or 3 hours without getting burnt.
However, we feel that the term SPF is outdated because it measures how long it takes for clinical inflammation to appear. This inflammation is cellular damage and can occur long before your skin starts turning red. So apply your sunscreen regularly, and don’t forget to use safe sun practices.
Tip Four: Why antioxidants can protect your skin from the sun
More productive than scrutinising your SPF’s number, we believe, is looking at non-SPF ingredients that work in synergy; this is especially true of antioxidants. Even with SPF, some rays penetrate your skin and cause free radical damage. Using an Antioxidant product will prevent oxidation. In other words, good protection should involve a sunscreen with an SPF factor and a combination of Antioxidants to prevent and stop free radical damage, which is why we created the following products:
Glo dark spot complex with its cocktail of lightening and brightening ingredients and Antioxidants; Co-Enzyme Q10, Bearberry and Kojic Acid are all essential melanin inhibitors that will help shift hyperpigmentation. This, combined with the C+ complex, a stable form of Vitamin C blended with Antioxidants Vinanza Grape and Ferulic Acid, all help to neutralise oxidation — one of the leading causes of premature ageing.
Tip Five: Understand sun damage and how you can treat it.
The symptoms of skin damage due to excessive sun exposure can include hyperpigmentation, sagging skin, uneven skin texture, broken capillaries and inflammation. To understand what causes this damage, we need to look at ultraviolet light in more detail:
UVA rays are known as the ageing ray in the beauty industry because they damage your skin’s dermal structures, such as; collagen and elastin. These rays are longer and more penetrating and are responsible for DNA damage. UVA rays also cause melanoma, the most dangerous form of skin cancer.
UVB rays are known as the burning ray. They’re shorter when compared to UVA rays, and are believed to cause sunburn and are responsible for most non-melanoma skin cancers. Statistics show that about 90% of non-melanoma skin cancers are linked to UV radiation from the sun.
UV rays speed up the process of melanin production, the pigment responsible for giving your skin its colour. The overactivation of pigment cells causes irregular pigmentation, so age spots will appear whenever melanin is produced in high concentrations, especially in skin that has had years of sun exposure.
Our article on melanin is a great place to start if you want to understand more about what happens to your skin when it becomes damaged by UV rays.
So as you can see, there is a lot to understand when it comes to the best sunscreen practices and keeping your skin healthy and clear. Too much exposure to the sun can do your skin more harm than good, leading to hyperpigmentation, redness, and premature ageing due to collagen and elastin damage.
This is why we believe it is essential to know terms like SPF and understand just how destructive UV rays are on your skin and how a combination of a good physical SPF sunscreen and a Vitamin C and Antioxidant-rich formula will keep your skin clear, defend against sun rays and help to reverse some of the damage done. Once armed with this knowledge, you are better equipped to treat your skin correctly and protect it from the early signs of ageing.
Implementing the best Sunscreen practices will protect your skin from sunburns and help lower your risk of skin cancer. On a final note, if you have moles that are changing shape, please consult your doctor or dermatologist. Usually, pigmented changes can be corrected, but every individual is different.
A practical cosmetologist practice test will also show how the sun has damaged your skin.