Understanding Skin Types

We are all on the quest for beautiful skin?

One that radiates with a youthful, vibrant glow.

The first step to your skin health, is understanding the different skin types.

Skin types are hereditary, they cannot be altered, but they can become out of balance, dry, sensitive and prone to ageing.

If your confused about the category your skin falls into, you’re not alone, many people misdiagnose their skin type; I find this is the main reason behind a lot of skin conditions.

Treating your skin incorrectly with the wrong products can compromise your skin, causing inflammation, breakouts and even premature ageing.

This article will guide you through the four skin types, helping you pinpoint the category your skin falls into.


Your skin will be characterised by large, visible pores due to the follicles expanding, this is because of the large amounts of sebum (oil) flowing through them.

Your face is used to getting that daily shine, especially midday when your oily skin is at its peak.

You may be prone to non inflammatory acne such as whiteheads and blackheads, or inflammatory acne this you’ll recognise by the bothersome three; Papules, pimples and pustules that seem to pop up everywhere.

But hey stop before you squeeze, read my pimple popping guide to find out why.


This is all about complexion perfection.

Normal skin is a very rare skin type with no imperfections, it behaves like babies skin and has a lovely texture, and it is youthful and reflects light evenly.

You find that you have a well balanced complexion, that is consistent with little to no changes throughout the day, and you can use just about any skin care product on your face without a reaction.

Your skin often feels tight with barely visible pores, because it lack oil flow.

Your dry skin will often feel rough and tight even chapped, and it can be prone to eczema and dermatitis.

Layering skincare products does help, but if your barrier function is impaired sensitivity, stinging and redness may be present.

This is the most common skin type that I come across in my clinic daily.

A combination skin is characterised by normal, oily and dry skin in different areas on the face.

You will have a distinct T Zone, your forehead, nose, and chin are oily and tend to break out, while your cheeks and eye areas are dry.

A lot is going on with this skin type including dryness, breakouts and some sensitivity, so it needs to be treated with respect.


It is my belief that our skin is always changing, which is why we really need to listen to our skin, in order to return it to skin health.

My philosophy is all about simplifying your routine, for this reason I have created a small range of moisturisers to treat your specific skin type, which can be mixed and matched with a skin shot, depending on your skins daily concerns.


If your are looking for solutions for your skin but don’t know where to start, I recommend booking in for a facial beauty analysis.

Aestheticians are professionally trained to diagnose your skin and any conditions that may be present.

Once you know your skin type, you can begin to know exactly what ingredients will benefit your skin and the best skin care routine to implement.


10 thoughts on “Understanding Skin Types

  1. Gordon says:

    Hi Samantha,

    I’ve been reading your Blogs and I love the content and discussion about everything!
    2 years ago, to help care for my aging Mother who has suffered with skin cancers and Chronic inflammation (i.e. arthritis, back problems, etc.), I developed an interest in Aromatherapy, my Sister-in-law brought over a couple essential oils that had been distributed at a Marathon run that my Brother was involved in.
    I became facinated with it, and have gone on to work with lotions and butters.
    But as you previously mentioned a condition which prompted your interest in skin care, so I have became interested in my body’s chemistry because of diabetes. I think that P.H. plays more of an important role in our lives than we can possibly imagine!
    When you think of the importance in P.H. in having healthy skin, it’seems so much more than that.
    A normal body’s P.H. is between 7.25 – 7.40 . We can detect our measurements at home through saliva or urine.
    I believe that a constantly low P.H. is responsible for conditions ranging from cancer to diabetes.
    Since I have increased the alkalinity in my water (with Sodium Bicarbonate ), I have been able to lower my insulin resistance as well as my acid reflux.
    I think we should all grow up in a world, having a good knowledge of our own body chemistry, because genetics treats us all differently, challenging us to overcome our imperfections.
    I’m glad for people (such as yourself ), that can help us see light at the end of the tunnel.

    Thanks, Sam!


    • Samantha Miller says:

      Hi Gordon
      This is a really really interesting discussion, fascinating in fact, are you able to expand on this at all, even put together an article for me it must be over 350 words and I am happy to give you a link if you require one. I would be really keen to know more about this as I am sure so would my readers. It reminds me i found a fascinating article on a particular type of cannabis recently, that is thought to diminish certain cancers I will post it on my face book page. I am a trained, clinical aromatherapist also I trained with renown Shirley price in the Uk, they actually use essential oils at the local hospital to help reverse diabetes so fascinating it really is! I am also interested in the fact that you use sodium bicarbonate in your water is this safe, why not use cider vinegar. Best rgds Samantha

      • Shawna says:

        I just came across your website, and have been enjoying your articles. I agree that the body’s PH is responsible for a lot of health issues. I drink sodium bicarbonate as well. It can help with any type of inflammation in the body by making the body more alkaline. You do not want to use apple cider vinegar because it will make the body more acidic. In some instances, such as some digestive or “gut” issues, you may drink ACV before a meal and use sodium bicarb after a meal (about 20 minutes). This can probably be found on a google search. I do think remaining alkaline is important, but a person must do more than just drink sodium bicarb. It involves changing your diet to eliminate acidic foods. Also, there is some evidence that cancer feeds on sugar. Removing sugar and certain carbohydrates (fruits and most vegetables are ok), while becoming more alkaline is good for inflammation and cancer (and some others). Just note that the removal of sugars and certain carbohydrates can put the body in a state of ketosis, and ketosis will change PH as well. This is not necessary according to all sources, but depends if you have inflammation or a more aggressive disease like cancer.

        • Samantha Miller says:

          Hi Shawna I really appreciate this information I actually find it really interesting..so are you just taking sodium B just for healthy maintenance? Because having suffered from psoriasis this may be a good choice for helping with inflammation? I can feel an article coming on with this subject. Kind regards Samantha

  2. Jacqueline Elliott says:

    Hi I’m Jacqueline I have been practicing Aesthetic for over 20 year and am learning so much from this site

    • Samantha Miller says:

      Well I take that as a real compliment thankyou so much, I am very excited to share my next round of information look out for the powers of vitamin A for the skin soon to be released, so interesting. Samantha

  3. Teresa Rogers says:

    Hi Samantha,

    Can you recommend carrier oils that are good for sensitive skin and that is not prone to oxidation?

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