Can you relate to these conditions?
- Flaky skin
- Pus filled spots
- Facial swelling
- Pink, itchy eyes
- Thickening of facial skin
- Burning gritty sensation in the eyes
- Congestion and even deformity of the nose area, which can lead to rhinophyma
- Small distended capillaries accompanied by a red rash, which often forms pimples that contain pus and cysts.
Then chances are you could be suffering from rosacea, a chronic inflammatory skin condition,
Without treatment bumps and pimples appear and become more extensive over time, along with burning, itching and stinging.
WHAT IS ROSACEA
Rosacea is a vascular disorder that causes blood vessels to enlarge, which creates an increase of blood to the skin.
Something in the blood stream triggers the blood vessels to swell, creating continual episodes of flushing and inflammation, especially around the cheeks and nose.
Whilst there is some evidence it may be hereditary, no one really knows why it occurs.
THE 4 SUBTYPES OF ROSACEA
To truly understand the anatomy of rosacea, it is important to know the four main groups it falls into:
In dermatology this is referred to as dry rosacea, this condition gives the skin a grainy texture that feels almost dry to touch.
Characteristically it shows as diffused redness across the nose and cheeks.
This conditions is often referred to as acne rosacea.
Inflamed papules and pustules appear in the skin with redness and inflammation, which often cracks due to dehydration.
Causes of acne rosacea are largely unknown, but it is thought to be partly due to an impaired barrier.
This is a severe type of rosacea that occurs on the eyelids and eyes.
Symptoms include eye redness, swollen eyelids, small lumpy cysts and sometimes sty’s.
This condition is interestingly more common in men.
It’s a sub-type of rosacea that thickens the tissues, it can cause the nose to swell and growth in the nose cartilage.
WHAT CAUSES ROSACEA
In the medical field they have yet to identify the real cause of rosacea, however the following related factors are said to contribute:
- Disorder of the facial blood vessels
- An internal bacterium, helicobacter pylori bacteria
- The presence of a mite, known as demodex folliculorum
- An over proliferation of yeast in the skin, which can lead to inflammation
- A genetically mediated reduction in the ability to reduce inflammation, triggered by UV
This article does a great job, of looking at what causes rosacea in more depth.
WHAT SHOULD I AVOID?
Those prone to rosacea, are particularly susceptible to a number of lifestyle triggers:
- Spicy foods
- Dairy products
- Some medications
- High blood pressure
- Alcohol can be a trigger for people with the condition
As you can see because it is such a complex condition, it is not easy to establish what causes rosacea.
Head over to my article that looks at the treatment of rosacea, which will hopefully bring those rosacea prone skins, some much needed relief.