Are your keen to get creative with different body butters?
Or do you suffer from dry skin?
Then a simple body butter, will help to keep your skin feeling hydrated and silky smooth.
For the purpose of this article, lets take a closer look at the different types of butters used in skin care.
In cosmetic chemistry butters have a rating from ONE through to TEN.
One is for very soft butters, and ten is for the really hard butters, cocoa butter is a good example of a hard butter.
Avocado Body Butter
This is otherwise known as Persea Gratissima.
The butter is a great emollient and has wonderful moisturising properties, making it a great ingredient for creams and balms.
Avocado butter can be a little greasy at times, so be sure to use this in only small amounts, you may find that you just want to use it as a secondary butter,
Avocado is rich in vitamins A, B and E which makes it great for use in a wide variety of products and it also has natural sunscreen properties.
This is a great ingredient to use in body butter recipes, as it makes a wonderful creamy Avocado formula.
Cocoa Body Butter
This is the solid fat from the roasted Cacao plant known as the Theobroma Cacao.
Cocoa butter is a wonderful additive to use in home made bars, especially if you want to naturally thicken the texture of the formula slightly.
Remember it will make a really hard bar, that won’t offer much slippage, so you need to add some softer butters in the mix.
Its hardness is due to the fact that it is composed of around 40% solid fat butter, the Hardness is category 10 and works as a primary oil in a lotion bar, because of Cocoa butters hardness, it is a great additive in lotions and works really well as a thickener.
If you re thinking about using this in your home made formulations, use up to 50% of your base blend, depending on the desired thickness.
Cocoa butter is a well known lubricant, making it a good butter for trapping in moisture, working as a protective barrier.
This should be a staple ingredient for a body product, because of it’s natural cocoa scent, which is a plus for chocolate lovers, if you don’t want any aroma, you can purchase unscented cocoa butter which has been refined.
The other bonus, as if there hasn’t been enough already, is that the butter has a really long shelf life up to five years.
You can read all about lovely Cocoa butter here.
It is important to note when formulating with Cocoa butter, that it can give a yellowish tint to your products,
Mango Body Butter
This is taken from the seed kernel of the fruit of the Mango tree, or Mangifera indica.
Whilst it is softer then Cocoa butter, it is still quite solid at room temperature, with an overall hardness of 8.
i really like the texture of this ingredient, it doesn’t go grainy once melted, and it tends to be less greasy than some of the other richly moisturising butters, and it works great as an emollient.
You can use up to 50% of Mango as a base blend.
Shea Body Butter
Derived from the seeds of the Karite tree, it is known as Butyrosperum parkii.
Shea butter is milder and creamier than Cocoa butter, and can be used as a natural lipstick base, or skin softener in skin formulas, which has a hardness of 7.
It is a really wonderful healing body butter with many beneficial properties, it has the ability to penetrate deep into the epidermis, helping to keep the skin supple and elastic.
It is both softening and healing on the skin, and is also a natural SPF.