They are born with a healthy glowing complexion.
But as we age, the health of our skin, is influenced by three main factors:
- The environment we live in, which you can read all about here.
- The condition of our internal environment
- Our genetic disposition
ANATOMY OF AGEING SKIN
Unlike the skin on the body, which lies in sheets over the muscles, our facial skin is knitted to the musculature structure.
Fingers of muscles protrude up into the dermis, which is interestingly what gives our face its extraordinary range of facial expressions.
Exactly how and when our face folds or creases to allow for such movement, is determined by our genes and facial habits, which develop over a lifetime.
Cushioned beneath our protective outer layer of skin the epidermis, lays the dermis.
I liken the dermis to our internal scaffolding.
It is deep and spongy and consists of a gel like substance, that contains molecules known as “Glycoprotein’s, Gags” and water.
- Roughly 95% of the dermis is made up of COLLAGEN
- Roughly 3% makes up the ELASTIN
Elastin is made from springy, fibrous coils that provide support, and gives structure to our dermis, this is what gives our skin that firm elastic feel, that helps it snap quickly back into place.
Within the dermis lies a complex supportive unseen supportive network of connective tissue, collagen, elastin, nerves and fibroblasts.
All of which forms a firm resilient basis for our epidermis, helping to keep our skin, plump and youthful.
Collagen, gags and water, form our skin’s foundation.
The formation and repair of collagen, is one of the most important factors when it comes to maintaining perfect skin.
It retains water within the structure of the dermis, and helps to maintain the skins strength and flexibility.
If our Dermis is our internal scaffolding, then collagen is the biological rope, that helps with the support!
It is made up of small collagen fibres called tropocollagen, which contain the Amino Acids, Glycine, Proline and Lysine.
Young skin also contains a large amount of hyaluronic acid, the body requires these molecules to help bind water in the skins tissues.
Yet all of this starts to decline with age, in the following ways:
- Skin becomes drier
- Skin starts to thin
- Skin is less able to restore itself
- The skins integrity becomes impaired
- Skin tone and texture is significantly reduced
- A lack of collagen formation and GAG concentration, results in a loss of hydration
All of which starts to show in our skin from the age of forty to fifty.
Want to learn more about how we age?
Then the article anatomy and physiology of the aging face, is a great read