Premature ageing, it can add years to your age.

The quest for the fountain of youth, is the holy grail of the skin care world.

But before you reach for that pot of expensive cream, read these 101 anti ageing tips first.

That are guaranteed, to help you maintain a youthful glowing skin, for now and many years to come.

Preventing Premature Ageing

Your Skin as Internal Scaffolding
Below the skins surface a rich network of fibres exist, giving it structure and shape.

1. Skin contains fibroblasts, cells responsible for making collagen and elastin.

2. Collagen is the main protein of connective tissue, it keeps skin plump and line free.

3. Collagen supports the body’s tissues, providing strength and firmness.

4. 80% of the dermis, the skins second layer is collagen.

5. Elastin gives skin stretch and bounce.

6. Collagen and elastin are plentiful in young skin, but it breaks down as we age.

7. The subcutaneous fat layer cushions and protects, keeping skin plump and healthy.

8. UVA radiation, breaks down collagen.

So how can we keep these structures in place?
A combination of sunscreen, cosmeceuticals and treatment procedures, will keep skin youthful and firm.

9. Cut down on sugar, it causes protein fibres to become stiff and malformed, known as AGES.

10. Use sunscreen with both UVA and UVB protection.

11. Use cosmeceuticals that contain prescription retinoids, retinol, alpha hydroxy acid or peptides.

12. Microdermabrasion, chemical peels and laser resurfacing, will give skin a boost.

13. The stress hormone cortisol can break down collagen, so try to manage stress levels more effectively.

Your Skin the Manufacturing Plant
Skin is an amazing multidimensional, interactive system of information.

It is made up of human skin cells and molecules, that continually communicate with each other.

14. Every minute of every hour, skin synthesises chemicals, so the body can stay healthy.

15. Your skin sheds around 50,000 cells a minute, helping to keep it youthful.

16. Skin repairs itself while you sleep, giving cells and collagen longevity.

17. Skin converts sunlight into Vitamin D, keeping it healthy.

What you can do to improve the manufacturing process?
18. Feed your skin with pure nourishing ingredients, to encourage cellular renewal.

19. Exfoliate regularly, this will remove the build up of dead skin cells.

20. Regularly use a body brush, to promote cellular turnover and stimulate sluggish toxins.

21. Don’t cheat on sleep, it’s not called beauty sleep for nothing.

Your Skin Prevents Premature Ageing
22. Skin contains Telomeres, an essential part of a cells DNA which determines how cells age.

23. A rich network of vessels, supply blood to the skins surface, keeping it youthful.

24. The skins surface has a natural moisturising factor, that prevents dry skin and fine lines.

25. Skin contains ceramides, natural anti ageing oils that keep skin supple.

26. Skin has a regular supply of oxygen, giving it a youthful glow.

How can you encourage this natural process
27. Ceramides decrease as you age, so use a formula rich in lovely oils.

28. Use products with hyaluronic acid, which holds 1000 times its weight in water.

29. Skin thins with age, regularly applying an oestrogen cream will help to prevent thinning skin.

30. Exercise regularly, it brings a healthy supply of blood to the surface.

31. Quit smoking! Skin needs oxygen to be healthy. Smoking more then 10 cigarettes a day over a decade, will make your skin thick and leathery.

Your Skin the Body Guard
Skin is the first line of defence against potential invaders.

It plays numerous roles, to ward off premature ageing and keep the body working effectively.

32. It is a barrier to the outside world, blocking UV rays.

33. It is coated in the acid mantle, which defends against bacteria, free radicals and ageing.

34. Skin contains keratin a protein that plays a dual role, preventing water from evaporating from the surface, whilst also preventing cells from drying out.

What can you do to boost your barrier
35. Regularly apply topical, containing vitamins and antioxidants to repair the skin.

36. Keep the acid mantle intact, by avoiding the use of astringent products.

37. Avoid harsh exfoliants, that can create tiny micro tears in the skin.

38. Moisturise twice daily, to prevent dryness and fine lines

39. Use barrier repair, to heal your protective barrier function.

40. Avoid soap it upsets the pH, stripping the face of protective oils.

41. Spray body oil on your skin whilst damp, it helps to lock in moisture.

42. Only use natural or organic formulas, to keep skin healthy.

43. Avoid the use of chemicals, because of their chemical structure they break down slowly building up in our fatty tissues, potentially doing unforeseen damage in the future.

Your Skin the Sponge
Skin has a semi-permeable membrane, it absorbs around 60% of what you put on it, you can encourage absorption by introducing the following:

44. Incorporate vitamin C in your skin care routine, to stimulate collagen.

45. Apply antioxidant ingredients, that mop up the free radicals responsible for ageing.

46. Layer your products, an anti-ageing serum under a moisturiser will give skin an additional boost.

47. Use cosmeceuticals at night, when the cells are repaired and skin goes into renewal.

48. Nourish your skin often, with oils rich in fatty acids such as raspberry oil and macadamia.

Your Skin and the Sun
49.Your colour and ability to tan is designed to protect you from photo ageing.

50. 95% of wrinkles are due to UV rays, so use a daily moisturiser with SPF.

51. Be sure to apply a broad spectrum sunscreen, in order to prevent premature ageing.

52. Age spots are sun spots as a result of to much UV radiation, so be sure to follow safe sun practices.

53. Use SPF on your hands, it is one of the first places to get age spots.

54. Avoid using the controversial ingredient hydroquinone, to lighten your skin.

55. Naturally treat sunspots on skin, to prevent detrimental side effects.

56. Don’t rely on makeup for sunscreen, it won’t block UVA radiation.

57. Don’t ignore your neck, it needs just as much protection as your face.

58. Wear a hat and glasses while driving, otherwise you may get car window syndrome, this can cause one side of the face, to become significantly more damaged then the other.

59. Follow this link, to visually see what the sun does to your skin.

Your Body is a Temple
You really are what you eat.

Your skin is an intelligent organ, responding to the food you eat, water you drink, air you breathe and the products you use.

60. Store up on calcium in your 20’s, as you age bone mass rapidly declines.

61. Reduce your salt intake, it can collect in the skin making it appear puffy.

62. Take fatty acids regularly, which will help to keep skin soft and supple.

63. Cut back on coffee, it contains acids which can cause sensitivity.

64. Stay away from processed food and red meat, it can prematurely age organs.

65. Eat a plant based diet, for skin and heart health.

66. Eat plenty of vitamins and antioxidants, to ward off damaging free radicals.

67. Skins the last organ to receive water, so topically hydrate with a hydrating spray, to prevent skin cells from drying out.

68. Keep teeth white and healthy, it enhances your skin tone.

69. Regularly drink antioxidant green or white tea, to ward of free radicals.

70. Avoid that sweet tooth, glycation is one of the biggest causes of ageing.

71. Cut down on alcohol, it has a detrimental effect on skin causing inflammation, bloating and even dehydration.

72. If your partial to drinking soda, you may want to think again! Soda contains high levels of phosphates, which leads to premature ageing.

Tips for Younger Looking Lips

Your lips deserve the same protection against premature ageing, as the rest of your skin.

Lips often feel dry, because they don’t have an oil producing epidermal layer.

73. To keep your lips looking smoother and younger, regularly apply an emollient lip balm.

74. If you have fine lines above the lips, you may be low in oestrogen. Counteract this by using an oestrogen rich cream, that will help to enhance them.

75. To much sun can break down collagen, creating vertical wrinkles around the mouth, so regularly apply an SPF.

76. For all you smokers, the long term action of puckering lips can lead to deep lines around the mouth, so quit while your ahead.

Younger Looking Eyes
It goes without saying, that your eyes are the focal point of your face, so you need to keep them healthy.

Wrinkles, dark circles and bags under eyes, can make you look older than your years, so look after this delicate area.

77. Thin delicate skin, poor blood flow and even environmental factors, can all contribute to visible changes and premature ageing around the eye area.

78. Subcutaneous fat is low around the eyes and it becomes less plump with age, it is also sensitive to facial movements. All of this contributes to wrinkle development, so be sure to apply an anti ageing cream.

79. Skin around the eyes is only 2mm thick, so avoid tugging and rubbing this area.

80. It’s not enough to tap your eye cream just along the orbital bone, make sure you apply it all the way to the lower lash line and then out towards the temples. Just use a pea size, otherwise it can cause puffiness.

81. An antioxidant rich eye cream, will help to destroy free radicals, that gobble up skin’s collagen supply.

82. Use a high SPF with your eye cream, to avoid crows feel and always wear sunglasses.

83. It maybe time to get your eyes checked, if your fine lines are caused by vision problems from squinting.

84. A complex formulated with vitamin C, will help to reduce the signs of ageing caused by free radicals. It also helps to strengthen collagen proteins in the skin.

85. Hyaluronic acid combined with Vitamin C in an eye formula, will not only help to prevent fine lines, it will also bind moisture to the skin cells, keeping dry skin around the eyes visibly hydrated.

86. An anti ageing eye complex of Hydrolysed Rice Bran Peptides combined with Soy, is showing promising results in reducing puffiness and dark circles. It improves micro-circulation, increases oxygen supply and prevents blood from stagnating in the blood vessels.

87. Antioxidant extracts in an eye formula, will provide protection against UV damage and oxidative stress.

If your concerned with under eye bags, the article on active ingredients that treat dark circles, is an interesting read.

The Doctors Fix
Whilst I prefer to recommend a more natural route, I do appreciate that everyone is different, which is why we have put together this quick fix list:

88. Hyaluronic acid filler such as restylane, can be injected into lip tissue to add body to thin lips.

89. Collagen fillers help to define the borders around the mouth, and fill in thin vertical lines.

90. If thin lips really are a concern, implants can provide permanent lip augmentation.

91. Fraxel laser light, can help to plump and lift the delicate area around the eyes.

92. The Hyaluronic filler Belotero, helps to reduce the sunken look caused by hollowness under the eyes.

93. The muscles that support fat in the lower eyelid becomes misplaced with age, this leads to bulging muscles around the eye. Eye surgery can restore lost fat, tightening the muscles and preventing bags.

94. Ultherapy is a non-invasive skin tightening and lifting procedure, that uses ultrasound to boost sagging skin on the face, neck and brows.

95. PicoSure laser, is a great option for rejuvenating delicate skin around the eyes.

96.Treat your skin to a light chemical peel, to reduce crepiness and intensity of fine lines.

97. Phenol peels may be an option, if you require help with softening wrinkles or reducing scars.

But these peels do need to be treated with respect, because the deeper the peel the more chance of scarring.

98. Laser resurfacing is becoming more popular then phenol peels; Energy light is used to bore tiny holes into the skin, in order to stimulate collagen production and improve lines and wrinkles.

99. If you are concerned with lines on the forehead or around the eyes, a Botox treatment will help to relax the muscles, helping to make skin visibly younger.

100. If sun damage is a concern, fractional laser can help to lighten pigment clusters in the skin. Combined with the topical drug Amniolevulinic acid, this treatment has a very high success rate.

101. A non-invasive skin tightening treatment known as Thermage, uses radio frequency to help improve wrinkles and prevent premature ageing.

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